On this page you will find essays written by me.

Unknown, ‘Scene from the Gazi scrolls of Bengal (18th or 19th century). Depicts the legend of Pir Gazi and his tiger in the Sundarbans‘, painting in a scroll, 18th/19th century.

Animals in The Hungry Tide and the real Sundarbans

renown author wrote a book in which the main characters traveled to and through the Sundarbans. In this book the main characters interact with animals. However the book is a piece of fiction, so this made me interested in looking at how human and animal interaction is portrayed in the novel and how it is in reality.
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E.L. Weeks, ‘Across the Pool to the Golden Temple of Amritsar’, painting oil on canvas, 50.8 x 76.2 cm, Amritsar 1882-1883.

The Sikhs of the Punjab in Post-1947 Politics and Fiction

An essay about the Sikhs of post 1947 India. This is an essay about how Sikhs are represented in the politics and how the political themes are also represented in the media and literature of post independence India.
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Bettman, Door, ‘Indonesian President Achmad Sukarno Calming down Protesters’, photograph, 30,67 x 26,84 cm, Jakarta 17th of October 1952. 

Indonesië klaagt aan, Soekarno’s court defence

An essay about Indonesian independence leader Soekarno and a court case levied against him during 1930. This is an essay about how Soekarno defended himself against the accusations.
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  Ulevich, Neal, ‘Mobs of Vietnamese people scale the wall of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon, Vietnam, trying to get to the helicopter pickup zone, just before the end of the Vietnam War on April 29, 1975’, photograph, Saigon 29th of April 1975. 

The final days in Saigon, the American evacuation

30th of April 1975, while the United States started to evacuate chaos descended upon Saigon. A mob of scared people was battering the walls of the US embassy and rows of people stood on rooftops awaiting rescue by chopper. But, why did the American evacuation operation devolved into chaos, what where the main factors on the American side that caused this
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Harvard Library, Cambridge MA, Hollis Images, access Widener Library EGS21, inventory-number EGS21.04, ‘Enoura, Numadzu’.

Johannis de Rijke a Dutch engineer in Japan (1873-1903)

An essay about Dutch engineer Johannis de Rijke and his work related to watermanagement during the late 19th and early 20th century. This is an essay about how a Dutch engineer influenced Japanese watermanagement.

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Nagasaki Harbour, Kawahara Keiga (workshop of), c. 1833 – c. 1836.

The V.O.C., Rangaku and Japan

An essay about Sugita Genpaku Shôzô and his work related to medicine during the late 18th and early 19th century. This is an essay about how a Japanese scholar and physician influenced Japanese medicine.
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Landing of Henry Hudson, 1609, at Verplanck Point, Robert Weir, c. 1859.

New Netherlands and the Iroquois Confederacy 1609-1664

An essay about the impact of the Old World on the New World. This is an essay about how the Dutch changed and influenced the Iroquois through trade.

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